As pioneers of innovation in the British housing market, CLTs are the subject of a growing body of research. If you want to explore the CLT model or are looking to make the case to others, there's a wealth of published material that can help.

Current and upcoming research

HACT are currently carrying out a research project on the potential for greater involvement by council and housing associations in community-led housing. It will culminate in the publication of a toolkit deisgned to give more confidence to professionals and agencies to engage with community-led housing projects.


Published research (most recent first)

  • Community Land Trust Solutions to Local Housing Issues, Hilary Chadwick (University of Huddersfield), March 2018

This publication examines the CLT model and its potential to deliver housing solutions, and explains some of the reasons why they've become so popular in the UK over recent years. It also highlights the example CLTs can set for energy-efficient and low-carbon models of housing for the wider sector. It aims to demonstrate the value and positive impact CLTs can have on housing issues and their communities at large.

To read the report, click here or scroll to the bottom of this page. The report begins on page 164.

  • Local Housing, Community Living: Prospects for Scaling Up and Scaling Out Community-Led Housing, Andrew Heywood (The Smith Institute), January 2016 

This report highlights how community-led housing schemes have successfully met the needs and aspirations of local groups and communities. The research reveals that developments are innovative, have environmentally sustainable design, built to high standards, pay close attention to local housing need and most importantly, are affordable. And as new development starts and ends with local people, rather than profits and share prices, local concerns about building new homes can be allayed.

There is scope for the sector to expand steadily. Whilst growth is likely to be organic and shaped by local circumstances, the report concludes if community-led housing is to move from the margins to the mainstream (without comprising its core value) more needs to be done.

To read the report, visit the Smith Institute's website

  • Community Builders, Charlie Cadywould and Duncan O'Leary (Demos), December 2015

 This report suggests community-led housing schemes could help to solve the national housing crisis, by encouraging greater local ownership over house-building. It also, through qualitative research, highlights best practice within the community-led housing sector.

To read the report, visit Demos' website here.

  • Between Boundaries: From Commoning and Guerrilla Gardening to Community Land Trust Development in Liverpool, Matthew Thompson, May 2015

Emerging in the cracks of the ownership model are alternatives to state/market provision of affordable housing and public/private-led regeneration of declining urban neighbourhoods, centred on commoning and collective dweller control.

This paper explores how the community land trust model can become an effective institutional solution to urban decline in the context of private property relations. It explores a case study of a CLT campaign in Granby, a particularly deprived inner-city neighbourhood in Liverpool, England. The campaign seeks to collectively acquire empty homes under conditions of austerity, which have opened up the space for grassroots experimentation with guerrilla gardening, proving important for the campaign in gaining political trust and financial support. This paper discusses the potential of the CLT model as a vehicle for democratic stewardship of place and unpacks the contradictions threatening to undermine its political legitimacy.

To download, please scroll down to the bottom of the page or click here.  

  • Property, Justice and Reason: Reconnecting the Citizen and State through Community Land Trusts and land reform in nine narratives, Stephen Hill, Churchill Fellow, April 2015

This Churchill Fellowship report is is based on interviews with over 60 people drawn from community organisations, elected politicians, public officials and professionals in North American cities in 2014. Stephen Hill uses his experience and observations of community land trusts (CLTs), and other forms of citizen inspired housing, to examine the relationship between the citizen and state, to reflect on the current state of political and civic life in the UK, and to propose practical institutional reforms through which citizens and the state could work together more effectively to ensure housing and land markets serve the common good.  

To download, please scroll down to the bottom of the page. 

  • Affordable homes for local communities: the effects and prospects of community land trusts in England, Tom Moore, 2014

To download, please scroll down to the bottom of the page. 

  • Community Land Trusts and Community Shares, Alison Ward, Wessex Community Assets, 2014

In this research paper commissioned by the Community Shares Unit the potential for Community Land Trusts to raise finance through community share issue is explored.

To download, please scroll down. 

  • Alternative strategies for ‘alternative’ housing – a look at mainstreaming opportunities for the utopian vision, Dr Marin Field, August 2014

Research presented to Royal Geographic Society / Institute of British Geographers Annual Conference 26-29 August 2014 “Geographies of co-production” . Download the powerpoint presentation below. 

  • The ownership of assets by place-based community organisations: Political rationales, geographies of social impact and future research agendas', Dr Tom Moore and Dr Kim McKee, 2013, Social Policy & Society, 13(4), pp521-533 

To download, please scroll down. 

  • Scaling-up or going viral? Comparing self-help housing and community land trust faciliation, Tom Moore and David Mullins, 2013, Voluntary Sector Review, 4(3), pp333-353,

To download click here.  

  • Bringing ‘community’ building into the mainstream : mixing old tenures for a new paradigm, Dr Martin Field, July 2013

Presentation given to the Centre for Housing Research, University of St Andrews, July 2013. To download please scroll down. 

  • Empowering local communities? An international review of community land trusts', Tom Moore and Kim McKee, 2012 - Housing Studies, 27(2), pp280-290. 

To download click here 

  • Proof of Concept Community Land Trusts, Community Finance Solutions, January 2012

Community Finance Solutions published its 'Proof of Concept' for Community Land Trusts in January 2012. It was written by Dr. Bob Paterson and Prof. Karl Dayson, co-founders of CFS and records the development of the CLT movement and demonstrates how twelve communities have been able to practically implement the CLT model. 

  • A Review of Urban Community Land Trusts in England, December 2011, The Young Foundation.

This paper, produced by the Social Life team when at The Young Foundation, reviews the experience of urban community land trusts in England up until 2011. It identifies practical lessons about how to establish a community land trust and investigates common issues and obstacles to success. The paper explores the potential for community land trusts to be established in key neighbourhoods in the city as a vehicle for on-going community regeneration.

To download click here

  • Delivering Homes and Assets with Communities: The Cornwall Community Land Trust Project, 2010, Tom Moore and Roger Northcott.

Cornwall Community Land Trust is a countywide umbrella Community Land Trust that has successfully delivered a number of CLT properties in Cornwall and has gained wide recognition for their work. This report, by Tom Moore and Roger Northcott, reviews the activity of Cornwall CLT as a demonstration of what CLTs can do.